The 12 signs of the Zodiac are grouped by their characteristics. Sorting them by element or triplicity (3 signs for each element) groups them according to their temperament (nature/personality).
Information and art based on The Only Way to Learn Astrology, Volume 1: The Basic Principles pgs. 5-6:
Fire: Uranus and Neptune = 2
Earth: Venus, and AC = 2
Air: Mercury, Sun, Mars, Saturn, and Pluto = 5
Water: North Node, Jupiter, Moon, and MC = 4
So Air is the predominant element in my Natal Chart.
Since my birthday is coming up I decided to look at my Solar Return chart as well. This is when the Sun returns to the same degree it was at, at the time of your birth. It usually falls on your birthday but may be off by a day or two (the Julian Calendar isn’t precise as the Sun). This is about all I know about it but figured I would attempt to read it as well as I went along. So as another example here is the breakdown of the elements in my Solar Return chart.
Fire: Uranus, MC, and Moon = 3
Earth: Venus and Pluto = 2
Air: Sun, Mars, North Node, and AC = 4
Water: Mercury, Jupiter, Saturn, and Neptune = 4
So Air and Water are the predominant elements in my Solar Return Chart.
What element is dominant in your natal chart?
In ancient oriental texts:
The elements are called Tattwas. (Bardon, Franz)
In the Indian representation of the Tattwas all of the elements descend from a 5th element called Akasa, making a quintessence. Their names for the elements are as follows (Bardon, Franz):
Akasa=principle of the ether
Tejas=principle of the fire
Waju=principle of the air
Apas=principle of the water
Prithivi=priciple of the earth
In Tarot (Bardon, Franz):
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Bardon, Franz: Initiation into Hermetics