- A Shaman is an individual who was both a religious leader and a healer.
- Some Shamans still exist in Arctic regions, Siberia, Native North America and South America, South East Asia and the pacific Islands.
- In West Africa they are called Medicine Men or Witch Doctors.
- Medical treatment practiced with drugs and prayer, ointments, charms (talismans) and magical objects (fetishes).
- Shamanism isn't organized like major world religions. It's a collection of folk beliefs and myths.
- They blamed Illness on the soul leaving the body which the Shaman finds and brings back.
- They used Hollow Bones to suck poison out and sharp flints to cut the skin.
- All Native American tribes had Shamans.
- "The Ojibwa tribe formed secret societies and specialized in particular types of medicine such as Herbalism."
- North American Medicine Men used the roots of the black cohosh, or squawroot as a painkiller. Western herbalist also use these now.
Exploring History - The Story of Medicine - Medicine Around the World and Across the Ages
By: Brian Ward
Shamans and the Supernatural
Technorati Tags: Shaman,Supernatural,medical history,Brian Ward,Medicine Men,witch doctors,folk beliefs and myths,Ojibwa Tribe,Secret Societies,herbalism,black cohosh,squawroot